Learn English grammar step by step- Level 3
HiCafe learn & practice English grammar level 3

This is level 3 (out of 7 levels) for learning English grammar online step by step.

Grammar Recap

In our previous grammar level, we covered many practical topics including Do, Did, Object Pronouns, Future Tense Will, Adjectives, Conjunctions and many more. We suggest that you complete our previous grammar level including its quizzes before continuing.

Also, if you have not finished reading our English Preposition and Pronoun lessons, you can study them via the links below:

 

In this series, we cover the following English grammar lessons which are geared toward learners who like to learn English grammar step by step. Below is the list of grammar lesson of Level 3.

 

 

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Related Grammar Quizzes

As a reminder, if you have not finished grammar level review test, we suggest that you go to the Grammar Level 3 Review page and finish all of your quizzes before moving to the next grammar level.

 

Next Grammar Level

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Grammar Quizzes- Level 3

Quiz 1 Present Perfect (Quiz 1 Answers)

Quiz 2 Present Perfect Questions (Quiz 2 Answers)

Quiz 3 Comparatives And Superlatives (Quiz 3 Answers)

Quiz 4 Past Continuous (Quiz 4 Answers)

Quiz 5 Auxiliary Verbs (Quiz 5 Answers)

Quiz 6 Modal Verbs (Quiz 6 Answers)

Quiz 7 Perfect Modal Verbs (Quiz 7 Answers)

Quiz 8 Have To (Quiz 8 Answers)

Quiz 9 Present Perfect Continuous (Quiz 9 Answers)

Quiz 10 Past Perfect (Quiz 10 Answers)

Quiz 11 Making Comparisons (Quiz 11 Answers)

Quiz 12 Fewer Less Fewest Least (Quiz 12 Answers)

Quiz 13 So And Such (Quiz 13 Answers)

Quiz 14 Be Able To (Quiz 14 Answers)

Quiz 15 Be Able To Past Tense (Quiz 15 Answers)

Quiz 16 Present Perfect Tense To Past Tense (Quiz 16 Answers)

Quiz 17 Past Continuous Vs Past (Quiz 17 Answers)

Quiz 18 Indirect Speech (Quiz 18 Answers)

Quiz 19 Eight Parts Of Speech (Quiz 19 Answers)

Quiz 20 Present Perfect Or Past Tense (Quiz 20 Answers)

Quiz 21 Past Perfect Continuous Tense (Quiz 21 Answers)

Grammar Level 3
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Quiz 1 Present Perfect

Part A.
Directions: Complete each statement with the verb in the present perfect tense. (10 points)
1. He _______ _____________ Mexico many times. (visit)
2. John and Emily ________ ____________ there also. (be)
3. It ________ ___________ twice this week. (snow)
4. I _________ ____________ a doctor about my backache. (see)
5. You ________ ___________ me a lot of help. (give)
6. She _______ __________ a beautiful cake. (make)
7. My car ________ ___________ over 160,000 miles. (go)
8. The students in the classroom _______ ___________ late several times this week. (come)
9. The teacher _________ ___________ to them about this problem. (speak)
10. They _________ ____________ all their homework. (do)

Part B.
Directions: Make each sentence negative in the present perfect tense. (10 points)
1. She __________ _________ any work yet today. (do)
2. I _________ ____________ any work today either. (do)
3. My cat __________ ___________ home since Tuesday. (be)
4. We _________ never ___________ before. (meet)
5. The computer __________ _____________ well lately. (work)
6. Sara and Ali _________ ___________ the house yet. (leave)
7. He _________ ____________ his bills on time. (pay)
8. You _________ __________ a dentist in several years. (see)
9. They _________ ___________ in Minnesota for very long. (live)
10. I ___________ __________ so much fun in a long time. (have)

Part C.
Directions: Conjugate the verb “be” in the present perfect tense. (5 points)
singular

plural

Conjugate the verb “do” in the present perfect tense negative . (5 points)
singular

plural

 

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Quiz 1 Present Perfect (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each statement with the verb in the present perfect tense. (10 points)
1. He has visited Mexico many times. (visit)
2. John and Emily have been there also. (be)
3. It has snowed twice this week. (snow)
4. I have seen a doctor about my backache. (see)
5. You have given me a lot of help. (give)
6. She has made a beautiful cake. (make)
7. My car has gone over 160,000 miles. (go)
8. The students in the classroom have come late several times this week. (come)
9. The teacher has spoken to them about this problem. (speak)
10. They have done all their homework. (do)

Part B.
Directions: Make each sentence negative in the present perfect tense. (10 points)
1. She hasn’t done any work yet today. (do)
2. I haven’t done any work today either. (do)
3. My cat hasn’t been home since Tuesday. (be)
4. We have never met before. (meet)
5. The computer hasn’t worked well lately. (work)
6. Sara and Ali haven’t left the house yet. (leave)
7. He hasn’t paid his bills on time. (pay)
8. You haven’t seen a dentist in several years. (see)
9. They haven’t lived in Minnesota for very long. (live)
10. I haven’t had so much fun in a long time. (have)

Part C.
Directions: Conjugate the verb “be” in the present perfect tense. (5 points)
singular
I have been, You have been, He has been, She has been, It has been

plural
We have been, You have been, They have been

Conjugate the verb “do” in the present perfect tense negative . (5 points)
singular
I haven’t done, You haven’t done, He hasn’t done, She hasn’t done, It hasn’t done

plural
We haven’t done, You haven’t done, They haven’t done

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Quiz 2 Present Perfect Questions

Part A.
Directions: Complete each question with the verb in the present perfect tense. (20 points)
1. _________ he _____________ his dinner yet? (finish)
2. _________ they _____________ this movie before? (see)
3. ________ the plane already _____________? (land)
4. __________ I ____________ to you about this? (talk)
5. _________ the girl with the limp__________ to the doctor? (be)
6. __________ the team ever ___________ a game? (win)
7. How long _________ you _____________ each other? (know)
8. Where __________ he ___________? (be)
9. What ___________ they _____________? (do)
10. How many voters _______ the candidate __________ to? (talk)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each question in the present perfect tense. Some are affirmative and some are negative. (10 points)
1. Why __________ he ___________ his work yet? (do – negative)
2. ___________ you ____________ the dishes? (do)
3. ___________ I ___________ you enough to eat? (give – negative)
4. Wow! Where __________ the time __________? (go)
5. Who __________ _____________ their work yet? (complete – negative)
6. ___________the dog ___________ all his food? (eat)
7. How much money __________ he ___________? (pay)
8. _____________ this ____________ fun? (be – negative)
9. Why ___________ Jorge and Martha ____________ us? (call – negative)
10. ____________ you ever ____________ in love before? (be)

Part C.
Directions: Conjugate the verb “go” in the present perfect tense and in the form of a question. (5 points)
singular

plural

Conjugate the verb “give” in the present perfect tense negative and in the form of a question. (5 points)
singular

plural

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Quiz 2 Present Perfect Questions (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each question with the verb in the present perfect tense. (20 points)
1. Has he finished his dinner yet? (finish)
2. Have they seen this movie before? (see)
3. Has the plane already landed? (land)
4. Have I talked to you about this? (talk)
5. Has the girl with the limp been to the doctor? (be)
6. Has the team ever won a game? (win)
7. How long have you known each other? (know)
8. Where has he been? (be)
9. What have they done? (do)
10. How many voters has the candidate talked to? (talk)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each question in the present perfect tense. Some are affirmative and some are negative. (10 points)
1. Why hasn’t he done his work yet? (do – negative)
2. Have you done the dishes? (do)
3. Haven’t I given you enough to eat? (give – negative)
4. Wow! Where has the time gone? (go)
5. Who hasn’t completed their work yet? (complete – negative)
6. Has the dog eaten all his food? (eat)
7. How much money has he paid? (pay)
8. Hasn’t this been fun? (be – negative)
9. Why haven’t Jorge and Martha called us? (call – negative)
10. Have you ever been in love before? (be)

Part C.
Directions: Conjugate the verb “go” in the present perfect tense and in the form of a question. (5 points)
singular
Have I gone, Have you gone, Has he gone, Has she gone, Has it gone

plural
Have we gone, Have you gone, Have they gone

Conjugate the verb “give” in the present perfect tense negative and in the form of a question. (5 points)
singular
Haven’t I given, Haven’t you given, Hasn’t he given, Hasn’t she given, Hasn’t it given

plural
Haven’t we given, Haven’t you given, Haven’t they given

 

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Quiz 3 Comparatives And Superlatives

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with the comparative form. The words in parentheses are adjectives or adverbs. (10 points)
1. She is ___________ ___________ I am. (old)
2. These shoes are _________ ___________ ________those shoes. (expensive)
3. I think this pizza tastes ___________ ___________ the one we ordered from them the last time. (good)
4. The weather today is _____________ ____________ it was yesterday. (bad)
5. Jorge got home much ___________ last night ___________ he ever has. (late)
6. The state of Minnesota is a lot _____________ ___________ the state of Delaware. (big)
7. I wake up much ____________ now ____________ I did when I was younger. (early)
8. The sun is ______________ away from the earth ___________ the moon. (far)
9. Spanish is an ______________ language to learn _____________ English. (easy)
10. Riding a motorcycle is ___________ _________________ ____________ riding a bike. (dangerous)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence in the superlative form. The words in parentheses are adjectives. (10 points)
1. This is ________ ____________ ________________ car I have every owned. (expensive)
2. Maria is one of ________ ______________ players on the team. (good)
3. ________ _____________ month of the year in Minnesota is January. (cold)
4. He is __________ ______________ working employee in the company. (hard)
5. Who has __________ ______________ solution for fixing economic problems in the U.S.? (good)
6. Many Americans think George Bush has been _________ _____________ President we have ever had. (bad)
7. We had ______ __________ ____________ on our vacation last year. (fun)
8. A good education is ________ ___________ _______________ experience for a young person. (important)
9. That was ___________ ________________ story that I have ever heard. (funny)
10. Which country has ________ _______________ building? (tall)

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Quiz 3 Comparatives And Superlatives (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with the comparative form. The words in parentheses are adjectives or adverbs. (10 points)
1. She is older than I am. (old)
2. These shoes are more expensive than those shoes. (expensive)
3. I think this pizza tastes better than the one we ordered from them the last time. (good)
4. The weather today is worse than it was yesterday. (bad)
5. Jorge got home much later last night than he ever has. (late)
6. The state of Minnesota is a lot bigger than the state of Delaware. (big)
7. I wake up much earlier now than I did when I was younger. (early)
8. The sun is farther away from the earth than the moon. (far)
9. Spanish is an easier language to learn than English. (easy)
10. Riding a motorcycle is more dangerous than riding a bike. (dangerous)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence in the superlative form. The words in parentheses are adjectives. (10 points)
1. This is the most expensive car I have every owned. (expensive)
2. Maria is one of the best players on the team. (good)
3. The coldest month of the year in Minnesota is January. (cold)
4. He is the hardest working employee in the company. (hard)
5. Who has the best solution for fixing economic problems in the U.S.? (good)
6. Many Americans think George Bush has been the worst President we have ever had. (bad)
7. We had the most fun on our vacation last year. (fun)
8. A good education is the most important experience for a young person. (important)
9. That was the funniest story that I have ever heard. (funny)
10. Which country has the tallest building? (tall)

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Quiz 4 Past Continuous Tense

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence in the past continuous tense. (10 points)
1. She _______ ____________ on the phone five minutes ago. (talk)
2. I _________ _______________ to the radio this morning when I heard the news. (listen)
3. They _________ ____________ in Mexico last year. (live – negative)
4. You _________ ________________ last weekend. (work)
5. We _________ ______________ when the telephone rang. (sleep)
6. Bob bumped his head as he ________ ___________ into the car. (get)
7. It ___________ _____________ when we left home, but now it is. (rain – negative)
8. I ________ ____________ dinner while talking on the phone.(make)
9. The students ____________ ______________ very much last week, so they forgot what they had learned. (study – negative)
10. Maria _________ ____________ what she had to do to get the job done. (do – negative)

Part B.
Directions: Make questions in the past continuous tense. (10 points)
1. What _________ she ____________ last weekend? (do)
2. __________ you _______________ yesterday? (work)
3. Why _________ they ______________ so angry? (get)
4. __________ the sun ______________ earlier? (shine)
5. When __________ Ted _____________ on the phone? (talk)
6. __________ I _________________ last night? (snore)
7. How _________ he ___________ his bills when he lost his job? (pay)
8. _____________ the baby ______________ just now? (cry)
9. How much money __________ you ____________ at that company? (make)
10. ___________ we _________________ too loudly? (laugh)

Part C.
Conjugate the verb “go” in the past continuous tense (5 points)
singular

plural

Conjugate the verb “talk” in the past continuous tense negative (5 points)
singular

plural

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Quiz 4 Past Continuous Tense (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence in the past continuous tense. (10 points)
1. She was talking on the phone five minutes ago. (talk)
2. I was listening to the radio this morning when I heard the news. (listen)
3. They weren’t living in Mexico last year. (live – negative)
4. You were working last weekend. (work)
5. We were sleeping when the telephone rang. (sleep)
6. Bob bumped his head as he was getting into the car. (get)
7. It wasn’t raining when we left home, but now it is. (rain – negative)
8. I was making dinner while talking on the phone.(make)
9. The students weren’t studying very much last week, so they forgot what they had learned. (study – negative)
10. Maria wasn’t doing what she had to do to get the job done. (do – negative)

Part B.
Directions: Make questions in the past continuous tense. (10 points)
1. What was she doing last weekend? (do)
2. Were you working yesterday? (work)
3. Why were they getting so angry? (get)
4. Was the sun shining earlier? (shine)
5. When was Ted talking on the phone? (talk)
6. Was I snoring last night? (snore)
7. How was he paying his bills when he lost his job? (pay)
8. Was the baby crying just now? (cry)
9. How much money were you making at that company? (make)
10. Were we laughing too loudly? (laugh)

Part C.
Conjugate the verb “go” in the past continuous tense (5 points)
singular
I was going, You were going, He was going, She was going, It was going

plural
We were going, You were going, They were going

Conjugate the verb “talk” in the past continuous tense negative (5 points)
singular
I wasn’t talking, You weren’t talking, He wasn’t talking, She wasn’t talking, It wasn’t talking (rare)

plural
We weren’t talking, You weren’t talking, They weren’t talking

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Quiz 5 Auxiliary Verbs

Part A.
Directions: Complete the second part of each sentence with the correct auxiliary verb. (10 points)

1. He wanted to go to the movies, and so _________ she.
2. I like to eat Vietnamese food, and you _________ too.
3. Martha knows how to make a really good pizza, and Robert _________ too.
4. We have had the same car for over 10 years, and so ____________ they.
5. You can play guitar really well, and so ___________ I.
6. They decided to eat outside last night, and we ___________ too.
7. She had been to that restaurant before, and so __________ he.
8. Sara and Oscar might get married next year, and Oscar’s brother ___________ too.
9. The teacher was late to class this morning, and so ____________ the students.
10. Matt is going to be at the party, and so __________ Tom.

Part B.
Directions: Complete the second part of each sentence with the correct auxiliary verb. Notice that these sentences are all negative (10 points)
1. Her children don’t like to eat that kind of food, and mine ___________ either.
2. I have never been to Canada, and neither ____________ you.
3. Jim isn’t going to get a new bike this year, and his friend Bill __________ either.
4. He can’t play the piano very well, and neither __________ his sister.
5. You never do the dishes, and neither ____________ your roommate.
6. We didn’t go to the party Saturday night, and they ______________ either.
7. His car doesn’t work anymore, and neither _____________ his motorcycle.
8. I don’t have to go to work tomorrow, and you ______________ either.
9. Jennifer doesn’t want him to leave right now, and neither ___________ he.
10. They had never seen a shooting star before, and their neighbors _______________ either.

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Quiz 5 Auxiliary Verbs (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete the second part of each sentence with the correct auxiliary verb. (10 points)

1. He wanted to go to the movies, and so did she.
2. I like to eat Vietnamese food, and you do too.
3. Martha knows how to make a really good pizza, and Robert does too.
4. We have had the same car for over 10 years, and so have they.
5. You can play guitar really well, and so can I.
6. They decided to eat outside last night, and we did too.
7. She had been to that restaurant before, and so had he.
8. Sara and Oscar might get married next year, and Oscar’s brother might too. (or use “also” instead of “too”)
9. The teacher was late to class this morning, and so were the students.
10. Matt is going to be at the party, and so is Tom.

Part B.
Directions: Complete the second part of each sentence with the correct auxiliary verb. Notice that these sentences are all negative (10 points)
1. Her children don’t like to eat that kind of food, and mine don’t either.
2. I have never been to Canada, and neither have you.
3. Jim isn’t going to get a new bike this year, and his friend Bill isn’t either.
4. He can’t play the piano very well, and neither can his sister.
5. You never do the dishes, and neither does your roommate.
6. We didn’t go to the party Saturday night, and they didn’t either.
7. His car doesn’t work anymore, and neither does his motorcycle.
8. I don’t have to go to work tomorrow, and you don’t either.
9. Jennifer doesn’t want him to leave right now, and neither does he.
10. They had never seen a shooting star before, and their neighbors hadn’t either.

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Quiz 6 Modal Verbs

Part A.
Directions: Complete each question or sentence with a modal verb and a main verb. The modal verb goes first. The main verb goes second. (10 points)
Modal verbs: can / may / should / must / will / might / could (use more than once)
Main verbs: see / live / bring / eat / find / do / help / play / pay / rain (use only once)

1. My teacher ________ __________ some cookies to class today. We don’t know yet.
2. You really _________ __________ a doctor about your illness.
3. __________ I ___________ you?
4. After Jeff graduates from college, he ________ definitely ____________ in New York.
5. Tom ________ __________ the piano really well.
6. We __________ ____________ our taxes before April 15.
7. The weatherman said that it __________ __________ later tonight.
8. You _________ ___________ less meat because it’s not good for your health to eat too much.
9. They _________ probably ___________ good jobs in Minnesota if they decide to move there.
10. __________ you __________ me a favor, please?

Part B.
Directions: Choose the correct modal verb and main verb to complete each sentence. (5 points)
1. The doctor told me that I ______________ smoking.
A. will like B. should stop C. must try
2. My girlfriend ______________ to the party this weekend because she is scheduled to work.
A. can’t go B. shouldn’t drive C. will go
3. This computer ______________ better if it has more memory.
A. can’t move B. should go C. will work
4. If I don’t stop at a gas station soon, I ____________ out of gas.
A. might run B. can be C. will do
5. The young woman called her boss to tell him that she _____________ late to work this morning.
A. can be B. must be C. will be

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Quiz 6 Modal Verbs (Answers)

Part A.
1. My teacher might bring some cookies to class today. We don’t know yet.
2. You really should see a doctor about your illness.
3. May I help you?
4. After Jeff graduates from college, he will definitely live in New York.
5. Tom can play the piano really well.
6. We must pay our taxes before April 15.
7. The weatherman said that it might rain later tonight. (“will” is also okay.)
8. You should eat less meat because it’s not good for your health to eat too much.
9. They will probably find good jobs in Minnesota if they decide to move there. (“can” is also okay.)
10. Could you do me a favor, please? (“Can you do….” and “Will you do….” are also okay.)

Part B.
Directions: Choose the correct modal verb and main verb to complete each sentence. (5 points)
1. The doctor told me that I should stop smoking.
A. will like B. should stop C. must try
2. My girlfriend can’t go to the party this weekend because she is scheduled to work.
A. can’t go B. shouldn’t drive C. will go
3. This computer will work better if it has more memory.
A. can’t move B. should go C. will work
4. If I don’t stop at a gas station soon, I might run out of gas.
A. might run B. can be C. will do
5. The young woman called her boss to tell him that she will be late to work this morning.
A. can be B. must be C. will be

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Quiz 7 Perfect Modal Verbs

Part A.
Directions: Complete each question or sentence with should have or could have, and a main verb. The main verb will be in the form of a past participle. (10 points)
For example: You ________ ________ __________ (be) more helpful to that elderly woman. (offering advice)
You should have been more helpful to that elderly woman.
* should have = past advice, capability, or responsibility / * could have = past possibility

1. I _________ _________ _________ (help) you last weekend if you had asked. (possibility)
2. He _________ ________ ___________ (talk) to the doctor about his stomach pains. (advice)
3. _____________ they _________ ____________(do) all that work already? (possibility)
4. Maria __________ ___________ ____________ (eat) that whole pizza by herself–she was so hungry! (possibility)
5. My students ___________ __________ __________ (finish) their assignment by now. (capability)
6. ____________n’t that company __________ ____________ (pay) their employees on time? (responsibility)
7. Why ___________n’t you __________ ___________ (meet) me earlier? Now we don’t have any time. (possibility)
8. The disaster ____________ never ___________ ________________(happen) . It was preventable. (possibility)
9. President Bush __________ __________ ___________(tell) the American people they needed to make more personal sacrifices once the Iraq War began. (responsibility)
10. You __________ __________ __________(be) able to complete the test within 60 minutes. (capability — in this sentence, “complete” is the main verb. That means there are seven words in the verb phrase!)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with would have or should have and a main verb. (10 points)
* would have = past tense of will / * should have = past advice, capability, or responsibility
1. If I had known you were coming, I _________ ___________ ____________ (make) extra cookies.
2. We __________ _________ __________ (fix) the leak in the roof before the storm made it worse.
3. You _________n’t _________ __________ (go) into that strange house if it was empty.
4. It __________ _________ __________ (take) longer to get dinner made without your help.
5. Before going to the beach, they _________ __________ __________(check) the weather because it rained.
6. The doctor told her she __________ __________ ___________ (be) on a diet the last few years.
7. The party _________ __________ ____________ (be) more fun if you were there.
8. My friend __________ _________ _________ (make) a lot of money if he had sold his stock in the company earlier.
9. I __________ __________ ____________ (do) anything just to spend a few more hours with you.
10. They really ___________n’t ___________ gotten _____________ (marry) so fast.

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Quiz 7 Perfect Modal Verbs (Answers)

TBD

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Quiz 8 Have To

Part A. have to (present tense)
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with “have to” and the main verb in the present tense. Use the verb in parentheses as the main verb. (10 points)
1. He _______ ______ ________ to the bank later. (go)
2. We ________ ________ ________ some bread from the store. (get)
3. You ________ ________ ________ ________ tomorrow. (work–negative)
4. ________ I ________ __________ ___________ a doctor for this problem? (see)
5. _________ she _________ ________ __________ her assignment? (finish)
6. Enough money _________ _________ __________ in the bank for us to pay our mortgage. (be)
7. They ________ ________ ________ at the airport before 6:00. (be)
8. You _________ _________ ________ _________ all that work yourself. (do–negative)
9. ________ you ________ ________ _________ the door? (lock–negative)
10. Tom ________ ________ _________ a new job. (get)

Part B. have to (past tense)
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with “have to” and the main verb in the past tense. Use the verb in parentheses as the main verb. (10 points)
1. The children ________ ________ __________ all their vegetables before leaving the dinner table. (eat)
2. I _________ ________ __________ a new pair of shoes yesterday. (buy)
3. We _________ _________ ________ _________ the party so early. (leave–negative)
4. _________ she _________ __________ __________ to school this morning? (go)
5. The driver _________ _________ __________ his car at the side of the road. (stop)
6. Why _________ it__________ ________ __________ so long to finish? (take)
7. The neighbors said we _________ __________ _________ __________ our music last night. (turn down)
8. _________ I __________ __________ __________ this to the teacher? (give)
9. Maria _________ _________ __________ her son get into a good school. (help)
10. You _________ ________ _________ ________ the dishes. (do–negative)

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Quiz 8 Have To (Answers)

Part A. have to (present tense)
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with “have to” and the main verb in the present tense. Use the verb in parentheses as the main verb. (10 points)
1. He has to go to the bank later. (go)
2. We have to get some bread from the store. (get)
3. You don’t have to work tomorrow. (work–negative)
4. Do I have to see a doctor for this problem? (see)
5. Does she have to finish her assignment? (finish)
6. Enough money has to be in the bank for us to pay our mortgage. (be)
7. They have to be at the airport before 6:00. (be)
8. You don’t have to do all that work yourself. (do–negative)
9. Don’t you have to lock the door? (lock–negative)
10. Tom has to get a new job. (get)

Part B. have to (past tense)
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with “have to” and the main verb in the past tense. Use the verb in parentheses as the main verb. (10 points)
1. The children had to eat all their vegetables before leaving the dinner table. (eat)
2. I had to buy a new pair of shoes yesterday. (buy)
3. We didn’t have to leave the party so early. (leave–negative)
4. Did she have to go to school this morning? (go)
5. The driver had to stop his car at the side of the road. (stop)
6. Why did it have to take so long to finish? (take)
7. The neighbors said we had to turn down our music last night. (turn down)
8. Did I have to give this to the teacher? (give)
9. Maria had to help her son get into a good school. (help)
10. You didn’t have to do the dishes. (do–negative)

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Quiz 9 Present Perfect Continuous

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with the present perfect continuous tense. (10 points)
1. She ________ _________ ___________ at that company for three years. (work)
2. The students _________ __________ ___________ a new textbook this year. (use)
3. Tom _________ __________ ____________ very well lately. (feel — negative)
4. We __________ __________ ___________ a lot about perfect tenses. (learn)
5. _________ it __________ ___________ all day? (rain)
6. My sister _________ __________ ____________ on her cell phone for the last hour. (talk)
7. My car __________ __________ ____________ very well lately. (run–negative)
8. How __________ you __________ ___________ in school? (do)
9. How long _________ he ___________ ___________ her? (see*)
10. I __________ ___________ _____________ very hard on my English. (work)
* see = go out with; have a relationship with someone

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with the present perfect continuous tense or the present perfect tense. (Some sentence can use either tense, but please consider the best choice for each situation.) 10 points.
1. He ____________________________ himself while working with that machine many times. (hurt)
2. We ____________________________ a lot of fresh fruit lately. (eat)
3. They ___________________________ on their vacation yet. (leave–negative)
4. I _______________________________ this girl I met at work, but I don’t think she likes me anymore. (see)
5. Why _____________ you _________________________ so much these last few weeks? (smoke)
6. ___________ you _____________________________? I smell alcohol on your breath. (drink)
7. Ali ______________________________ a lot of money in the stock market since he began investing. (lose)
8. The teacher ______________________________ a solution to the problem. (find)
9. It ____________________________________ here in several weeks. (rain — negative)
10. ___________ you _______________________ your homework yet? (do)

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Quiz 9 Present Perfect Continuous (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with the present perfect continuous tense. (10 points)
1. She has been working at that company for three years. (work)
2. The students have been using a new textbook this year. (use)
3. Tom hasn’t been feeling very well lately. (feel — negative)
4. We have been learning a lot about perfect tenses. (learn)
5. Has it been raining all day? (rain)
6. My sister has been talking on her cell phone for the last hour. (talk)
7. My car hasn’t been running very well lately. (run–negative)
8. How have you been doing in school? (do)
9. How long has he been seeing her? (see*)
10. I have been working very hard on my English. (work)
* see = go out with; have a relationship with someone

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with the present perfect continuous tense or the present perfect tense. (Some sentence can use either tense, but please consider the best choice for each situation.)
1. He has hurt himself while working with that machine many times. (hurt)
2. We have been eating a lot of fresh fruit lately. (eat)
3. They haven’t left on their vacation yet. (leave–negative)
4. I have been seeing this girl I met at work, but I don’t think she likes me anymore. (see)
5. Why have you been smoking so much these last few weeks? (smoke)
6. Have you been drinking? I smell alcohol on your breath. (drink)
7. Ali has lost a lot of money in the stock market since he began investing. (lose)
8. The teacher has found a solution to the problem. (find)
9. It hasn’t rained here in several weeks. (rain — negative)
10. Have you done your homework yet? (do)

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Quiz 10 Past Perfect Tense

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with the past perfect tense. Some sentences are negative. (10
points)
1. Before she became a professional photographer, she __________ __________college for four years. (attend)
2. After the game __________ finally __________, everyone went home. (end)
3. The teacher told us that he __________ __________ out only two A’s to his students this quarter. (give)
4. She __________ previously __________ an office manger before she became a police officer. (be)
5. What did they say they __________ __________ with their old car? (do)
6. When I talked with the salesperson, he said that he _________ __________ time to place my order. (have — negative)
7. The rocket exploded in mid-air after it __________ __________ the launch pad. (leave)
8. They were sure that they __________ __________ the wrong decision to move. (make — negative)
9. If she __________ ___________ all that weight, she definitely would have died. (lose — negative)
10. We asked our accountant if he __________ ___________ doing our taxes. (finish)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each question or statement
with the past tense or the past perfect tense. (Some sentence can use either tense, but please consider the best choice for each situation.) 10 points.
1. How __________ the dog ___________ himself? (hurt)
2. Why did he say he __________ __________ the work when it was clear that he hadn’t? (do)
3. __________ we __________ more time, we would have visited more places. (have)
4. This computer __________ __________ very much money. (cost — negative)
5. Why didn’t you ask your supervisor if she __________ __________ yet a decision about your hours? (make)
6. They __________ __________ to order any more food because they had already eaten enough. (want — negative)
7. Didn’t you realize that you ___________ __________ your alarm clock properly? (set — negative)
8. Dora’s father wanted to know why the teacher __________ __________ her a failing grade. (give)
9. What time __________ the store ___________ last night? (close)
10. They __________ ___________ to a party in a very long time. (be — negative)

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Quiz 10 Past Perfect Tense (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence or question with the past perfect tense. Some sentences are negative. (10 points)
1. Before she became a professional photographer, she had attended college for four years. (attend)
2. After the game had finally ended, everyone went home. (end)
3. The teacher told us that he had given out only two A’s to his students this quarter. (give)
4. She had previously been an office manger before she became a police officer. (be)
5. What did they say they had done with their old car? (do)
6. When I talked with the salesperson, he said that he hadn’t had time to place my order. (have — negative)
7. The rocket exploded in mid-air after it had left the launch pad. (leave)
8. They were sure that they hadn’t made the wrong decision to move. (make — negative)
9. If she hadn’t lost all that weight, she definitely would have died. (lose — negative)
10. We asked our accountant if he had finished doing our taxes. (finish)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each question or statement with the past tense or the past perfect tense. (Some sentence can use either tense, but please consider the best choice for each situation.) 10 points.
1. How did the dog hurt himself? (hurt)
2. Why did he say he had done the work when it was clear that he hadn’t? (do)
3. Had we had more time, we would have visited more places. (have)
4. This computer didn’t cost very much money. (cost — negative)
5. Why didn’t you ask your supervisor if she had made yet a decision about your hours? (make)
6. They didn’t want to order any more food because they had already eaten enough. (want — negative)
7. Didn’t you realize that you hadn’t set your alarm clock properly? (set — negative)
8. Dora’s father wanted to know why the teacher had given her a failing grade. (give)
9. What time did the store close last night? (close)
10. They hadn’t been to a party in a very long time. (be — negative)

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Quiz 11 Making Comparisons

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with the correct verb.
Example: He’s much stronger than I ______. (the answer is “am”)
1. Donna knows more about science than I __________.
2. You finished your work faster than he __________.
3. She can play the piano better than you __________.
4. I’ve had more experience than she __________.
5. This costs more than the other one __________.
6. We liked the pizza more than they __________.
7. We ate more pizza than they __________.
8. Michael hasn’t been as cooperative as David __________.
9. I’m much faster at this than you __________.
10. This doesn’t work as well as that one __________.
11. You know more people at this party than I __________.
12. She doesn’t work as many hours as he __________.
13. He’s not as fast as she __________.
14. This is worse than that one __________.
15. He’s seen many more movies than you __________.
16. His car wasn’t as expensive as hers __________.
17. This won’t take as long as the other one __________.
18. I can hold my breath longer than you __________.
19. These flowers lasted longer than those other ones __________.
20. Teresa doesn’t do it as well as you __________.

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence from Part A with a pronoun.
Example: He’s much stronger than ______. (the answer is “me”)
1. Donna knows more about science than __________.
2. You finished your work faster than __________.
3. She can play the piano better than __________.
4. I’ve had more experience than __________.
5. This costs more than the other __________.
6. We liked the pizza more than __________.
7. We ate more pizza than __________.
8. Michael hasn’t been as cooperative as __________.
9. I’m much faster at this than __________.
10. This doesn’t work as well as that __________.
11. You know more people at this party than __________.
12. She doesn’t work as many hours as __________.
13. He’s not as fast as __________.
14. This is worse than that __________.
15. He’s seen many more movies than __________.
16. His car wasn’t as expensive as _________.
17. This won’t take as long as the other __________.
18. I can hold my breath longer than __________.
19. These flowers lasted longer than those other __________.
20. Teresa doesn’t do it as well as __________.

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Quiz 11 Making Comparisons (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with the correct verb.
Example: He’s much stronger than I ______. (the answer is “am”)
1. Donna knows more about science than I ___do_____.
2. You finished your work faster than he ___did_____.
3. She can play the piano better than you ___can_____.
4. I’ve had more experience than she ___has_____.
5. This costs more than the other one __does_____.
6. We liked the pizza more than they ___did_____.
7. We ate more pizza than they ___did____.
8. Michael hasn’t been as cooperative as David ___has____.
9. I’m much faster at this than you __are_____.
10. This doesn’t work as well as that one ___does_____.
11. You know more people at this party than I ___do____.
12. She doesn’t work as many hours as he __does______.
13. He’s not as fast as she ___is_____.
14. This is worse than that one ___is_____.
15. He’s seen many more movies than you ___have____.
16. His car wasn’t as expensive as hers ___was_____.
17. This won’t take as long as the other one __will_____.
18. I can hold my breath longer than you ____can____.
19. These flowers lasted longer than those other ones __did_____.
20. Teresa doesn’t do it as well as you ___do____.

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence from Part A with a pronoun.
Example: He’s much stronger than ______. (the answer is “me”)
1. Donna knows more about science than ___me_____.
2. You finished your work faster than ___him_____.
3. She can play the piano better than ___you_____.
4. I’ve had more experience than ___her_____.
5. This costs more than the other ___one_____.
6. We liked the pizza more than __them_____.
7. We ate more pizza than ___them_____.
8. Michael hasn’t been as cooperative as ___him_____.
9. I’m much faster at this than ___you_____.
10. This doesn’t work as well as that ___one_____.
11. You know more people at this party than ____me____.
12. She doesn’t work as many hours as ____him____.
13. He’s not as fast as ___her_____.
14. This is worse than that ___one_____.
15. He’s seen many more movies than __you______.
16. His car wasn’t as expensive as ___hers____.
17. This won’t take as long as the other __one______.
18. I can hold my breath longer than ___you_____.
19. These flowers lasted longer than those other __ones_____.
20. Teresa doesn’t do it as well as __you______.

Note: The sentences above in Part B are good examples for spoken English, but the sentences in Part A sound a little better.

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Quiz 12 Fewer & less for comparisons and fewest& least as superlatives

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “fewer” or “less.”
1. There were __________ men at the party than women.
2. I have __________ time to do things this year than last year.
3. We need __________ help this week compared to last week.
4. George worked __________ than 30 hours this week.
5. Many Americans are choosing to have __________ children because of the economy.
6. They made __________ money this year than last year.
7. I hope you are making __________ mistakes with your English since you started coming to this website.
8. There’s __________ daylight in the winter than in the summer.
9. There are __________ hours of darkness in the summer than in the winter.
10. __________ people want to go into that profession these days.
11. ___________ and ___________ customers are buying those products.
12. We’re using ___________ water now after installing water-saving toilets.
13. He has __________ opportunities to find a job without a college degree.
14. You should use __________ butter in this cookie recipe than the recipe calls for.
15. There’s __________ and __________ work available for people who need jobs.
16. She spent __________ time this month practicing her violin which resulted in some poor performances.
17. I’ve noticed __________ mosquitoes this year compared to last year.
18. Our teacher gave us __________ homework today than yesterday.
19. It would be __________ of a hassle if you could just take care of the situation yourself.
20. They have __________financial problems this year because their father found a new job that pays well.

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “fewest” or “least.”
1. Of all the houses we saw, I liked that one the __________.
2. They have the __________ new members compared to the other groups.
3. Don’t mention it. It was the __________ I could do.
4. This recipe uses the __________ oil.
5. Compared to other years, the hospital recorded the _________ number of deaths related to gun-shot wounds.
6. This is the __________ of my worries.
7. We received the ___________ new applications this year compared to all the other years we have been in business.
8. Their company had the ___________ violations within their industry.
9. I’ve owned many good cars during my lifetime. This one has given me the ___________ trouble.
10. During the week, we see the __________ students on Thursday.

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Quiz 12 Fewer & less for comparisons and fewest& least as superlatives (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “fewer” or “less.”
1. There were __fewer__ men at the party than women.
2. I have ___less___ time to do things this year than last year.
3. We need __less_____ help this week compared to last week.
4. George worked ___fewer__ than 30 hours this week.
5. Many Americans are choosing to have ___fewer____ children because of the economy.
6. They made ___less____ money this year than last year.
7. I hope you are making ___fewer___ mistakes with your English since you started coming to this website.
8. There’s __less____ daylight in the winter than in the summer.
9. There are ___fewer___ hours of darkness in the summer than in the winter.
10. _Fewer____ people want to go into that profession these days.
11. __Fewer____ and __fewer_____ customers are buying those products.
12. We’re using __less__ water now after installing water-saving toilets.
13. He has __fewer__ opportunities to find a job without a college degree.
14. You should use __less___ butter in this cookie recipe than the recipe calls for.
15. There’s ___less___ and __less____ work available for people who need jobs.
16. She spent __less__ time this month practicing her violin which resulted in some poor performances.
17. I’ve noticed __fewer___ mosquitoes this year compared to last year.
18. Our teacher gave us __less__ homework today than yesterday.
19. It would be ___less___ of a hassle if you could just take care of the situation yourself.
20. They have ___fewer___financial problems this year because their father found a new job that pays well.

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “fewest” or “least.”
1. Of all the houses we saw, I liked that one the __least____.
2. They have the ___fewest___ new members compared to the other groups.
3. Don’t mention it. It was the ___least___ I could do.
4. This recipe uses the __least_____ oil.
5. Compared to other years, the hospital recorded the __fewest___ number of deaths related to gun-shot wounds.
6. This is the ___least____ of my worries.
7. We received the __fewest__ new applications this year compared to all the other years we have been in business.
8. Their company had the ___fewest___ violations within their industry.
9. I’ve owned many good cars during my lifetime. This one has given me the ___least____ trouble.
10. During the week, we see the __fewest__ students on Thursday.

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Quiz 13 So And Such

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “so” or “such.”
1. That movie was ________ good.
2. That was _________ a good movie.
3. He’s __________ a good speaker.
4. The food at that restaurant was ________ bad!
5. If you had ________ a bad experience, why did you stay at that hotel?
6. _________ experiences are rare.
7. They made _________ much money, they couldn’t keep track of it.
8. This is ________ a bad idea.
9. There was ________ much food at the party last night.
10. There were ________ many people there.
11. It’s hard to believe they could think ________ a thing.
12. How could anyone do something ________ awful
13. _________ an opportunity doesn’t come along every day.
14. His speech was ________ long, a few people fell asleep.
15. We have ________ few choices for places to live.
16. Is this really _________ a difficult decision for you?
17. The roads are ________ slippery that they’re hard to drive on.
18. The pizza was hard to eat because it was ________ a sloppy mess.
19. Why are you being _________ hard on yourself?
20. Why do you put up with ________ a difficult boss?

Part B. American Vernacular
Directions: Complete each sentence with “so” or “such.”
1. _________ is life.
2. Her baby is __________ cute.
3. Hold your head just ________ .
4. We’ll make a decision at _________ and _________ a time.
5. Oh no! Say it ain’t __________!
6. She loves him ________.
7. Wow! _________ nerve! I can’t believe he did that.
8. Someone said you’re quitting your job. Is that _________?
9. Yes, I saw what they did. ________ what? I don’t care.
10. He walked quietly _________ as not to wake the children.
11. A house _________ as theirs must cost a lot of money.
12. A: How did you do on the test? B: Oh, just ______ – _______.
13. We’re ________ not doing that.
14. Everything for the party was just _________ until it rained.
15. This is my website–_________ as it is. I’m still working on it.
16. Have you ever seen __________ wealth?
17. His attitude is __________ that it’s hard to work with him.
18. Thank-you for being ________ a big help.
19. You are _________ busted. Your parents are going to be angry.
20. Why do I have to stop playing basketball? Who said ________?

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Quiz 13 So And Such (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “so” or “such.”
1. That movie was ___so___ good.
2. That was ___such_____ a good movie.
3. He’s ____such____ a good speaker.
4. The food at that restaurant was ___so____ bad!
5. If you had __such___ a bad experience, why did you stay at that hotel?
6. _Such____ experiences are rare.
7. They made ____so___ much money, they couldn’t keep track of it.
8. This is ___such___ a bad idea.
9. There was ___so___ much food at the party last night.
10. There were ___so___ many people there.
11. It’s hard to believe they could think ____such____ a thing.
12. How could anyone do something ___so____ awful
13. _Such____ an opportunity doesn’t come along every day.
14. His speech was ___so___ long, a few people fell asleep.
15. We have ___so___ few choices for places to live.
16. Is this really ___such____ a difficult decision for you?
17. The roads are __so____ slippery that they’re hard to drive on.
18. The pizza was hard to eat because it was ___such___ a sloppy mess.
19. Why are you being ___so____ hard on yourself?
20. Why do you put up with ___such___ a difficult boss?

Part B. American Vernacular
Directions: Complete each sentence with “so” or “such.”
1. _Such___ is life.
2. Her baby is ____so____ cute.
3. Hold your head just ___so___ .
4. We’ll make a decision at __such_____ and ____such___ a time.
5. Oh no! Say it ain’t ___so_____! (“so” = true)
6. She loves him ____so____.
7. Wow! __Such____ nerve! I can’t believe he did that.
8. Someone said you’re quitting your job. Is that ___so____?
9. Yes, I saw what they did. ___So___ what? I don’t care.
10. He walked quietly ____so____ as not to wake the children.
11. A house ___such____ as theirs must cost a lot of money.
12. A: How did you do on the test? B: Oh, just __so___ – __so____.
13. We’re ___so____ not doing that.
14. Everything for the party was just ____so_____ until it rained.
15. This is my website–___such___ as it is. I’m still working on it.
16. Have you ever seen ___such______ wealth?
17. His attitude is ___such_____ that it’s hard to work with him.
18. Thank-you for being __such____ a big help.
19. You are ____so___ busted. Your parents are going to be angry.
20. Why do I have to stop playing basketball? Who said ___so___?

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Quiz 14 Be Able To

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “(be) able to” in the present tense. Use the verb in parentheses. Some sentences are negative.
1. We ________ ________ ________ __________ to your party. (come)
2. She ________ ________ ________ __________ skiing. (go — negative)
3. I __________ ________ ________ __________ you. (help)
4. The church ________ _______ ________ __________ shelter to people who need it. (provide)
5. Sam ________ ________ ________ ________ a job. (find — negative)
6. This car ________ ________ ________ _________ speeds of over 170 miles per hour. (reach)
7. My neighbors ________ _________ ________ _________ their mortgage, so they’re moving. (pay — negative)
8. My grandmother _________ ________ _________ _________ without her glasses. (see — negative)
9. Her three-year-old daughter ________ ________ ________ _______ herself. (dress)
10. An ant ________ ________ ________ ________ objects that are larger and heavier than itself. (carry)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each question with “(be) able to” in the present tense. Use the verb in parentheses. Some sentences are negative.
1. _________ you _______ ________ ________? (drive)
2. ________ she ________ ________ ________ today? (work)
3. ________ I ________ _________ _________ a day off soon? (get)
4. ________ your friends ________ ________ _________ over? (come)

Part B. (continued)
5. ________ Pedro _______ _______ _________ English? (speak — negative)
6 . ________ your dog ________ ________ ________ any tricks? (do)
7. Why __________ he _________ ________ __________ to work today? (go — negative)
8. __________ the students ________ ________ ________ their own books? (have)
9. Why _________ they ________ ________ __________ to class on time? (get — negative)
10. How many people _________ you _________ ________ _______ in your car? (fit)

Part C.
Conjugate the verb “see” using “(be) able to” in the present tense.
singular
I, You, He, She, It

plural
We, You, They

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Quiz 14 Be Able To (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “(be) able to” in the present tense. Use the verb in parentheses. Some sentences are negative.
1. We ________are able to come ____________to your party. (come)
2. She _______isn’t able to go ______skiing. (go — negative)
3. I _____ am able to help __________ you. (help)
4. The church _____is able to provide ____ shelter to people who need it. (provide)
5. Sam ______ isn’t able to find ______ a job. (find — negative)
6. This car _____is able to reach ______speeds of over 170 miles per hour. (reach)
7. My neighbors _______ aren’t able to pay _____ their mortgage, so they’re moving. (pay — negative)
8. My grandmother _______ isn’t able to see _____ without her glasses. (see — negative)
9. Her three-year-old daughter _______ is able to dress ________herself. (dress)
10. An ant _____ is able to carry ______ objects that are larger and heavier than itself. (carry)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each question with “(be) able to” in the present tense. Use the verb in parentheses. Some sentences are negative.
1. ___Are __ you ___able to drive ____? (drive)
2. ___Is ____ she _____ able to work _____ today? (work)
3. ___Am ___ I _____ able to get ____ a day off soon? (get)
4. ___Are ___ your friends ____ able to come ____ over? (come)

Part B. (continued)
5. ___Isn’t___ Pedro ___able to speak ______ English? (speak — negative)
6 . ___Is ___ your dog ____ able to do ____ any tricks? (do)
7. Why ___isn’t ___ he ______ able to go _______ to work today? (go — negative)
8. ___Are __ the students _____ able to have _____ their own books? (have)
9. Why ___aren’t ___ they ____ able to get ______ to class on time? (get — negative)
10. How many people ___ are___ you _____ able to fit _____ in your car? (fit)
Part C.
Conjugate the verb “see” using “(be) able to” in the present tense.
singular
I am able to see, You are able to see, He is able to see, She is able to see, It is able to see

plural
We are able to see, You are able to see, They are able to see

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Quiz 15 Be Able To Past Tense

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “(be) able to” in the past tense. Use the verb in parentheses. Some sentences are negative.
1. She _______ ________ _______ ________ her doctor yesterday. (see)
2. My friends _________ _________ _________ _________ me at the coffee shop. (meet)
3. Bob ________ ________ _________ _________ the door to his apartment. (open — negative)
4. The mountain climbers ________ ________ ________ ________ the top of the mountain. (reach)
5. We _________ _________ _________ _________ our car out of a snow-covered ditch. (get — negative)
6. The volunteers ________ ________ _______ ________ food to the people who needed it. (bring))
7. I’m sorry I _______ ________ _______ ________ you. (help — negative)
8. The doctors _________ ________ _________ __________ the man who had a heart attack. He died. (save — negative)
9. You ________ ________ ________ _________ your dinner. (finish — negative)
10. The rabbit ________ finally ________ ________ _________ from the trap. (escape)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each question with “(be) able to” in the past tense. Use the verb in parentheses. Some sentences are negative.
1. _________ you ________ ________ ________ after the operation? (eat)
2. _________ he________ ________ ________ his car? (start)
3. _________ they _________ _________ _________ the game? (see)
4. _________ you _________ _________ _________ to your teacher? (talk)

Part B. (continued)
5. A: Why _________ they ________ ________ ________ Canada? (enter — negative)
B: They didn’t have passports.
6 . _________ she ________ ________ ________ a gas station? (find)
7. How ________ you ________ _________ _________ under water for such a long time? (stay)
8. _________ the employees ________ _________ ________ any days off? (take — negative)
9. How many students ________ ________ _________ _________ the test? (complete)
10. Why __________ she _________ _________ __________ her car in that parking space? (park — negative)
Part C.
Conjugate the verb “fly” using “(be) able to” in the past tense.
singular
I, You, He, She, It

plural
We, You, They

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Quiz 15 Be Able To Past Tense (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each sentence with “(be) able to” in the past tense. Use the verb in parentheses. Some sentences are negative.
1. She ____ was able to see _____ her doctor yesterday. (see)
2. My friends ____ were able to meet __ ___ me at the coffee shop. (meet)
3. Bob _____ wasn’t able to open _____ the door to his apartment. (open — negative)
4. The mountain climbers ____ were able to reach _____ the top of the mountain. (reach)
5. We ____ weren’t able to get _____ our car out of a snow-covered ditch. (get — negative)
6. The volunteers ____ were able to bring ____ food to the people who needed it. (bring))
7. I’m sorry I ____ wasn’t able to help ______ you. (help — negative)
8. The doctors ____ weren’t able to save ______ the man who had a heart attack. He died. (save — negative)
9. You _____ weren’t able to finish _____ your dinner. (finish — negative)
10. The rabbit __was__ finally ___ able to escape ____ from the trap. (escape)

Part B.
Directions: Complete each question with “(be) able to” in the past tense. Use the verb in parentheses. Some sentences are negative.
1. __Were__ you _____able to eat ____after the operation? (eat)
2. ___Was ___ he _____able to start ____his car? (start)
3. ___Were ___ they _____ able to see ____the game? (see)
4. ___ Were ___ you ____ able to talk ____ to your teacher? (talk)

Part B. (continued)
5. A: Why ___weren’t __ they ____able to enter ____ Canada? (enter — negative)
B: They didn’t have passports.
6 . ___Was ___ she ___ able to find ___ a gas station? (find)
7. How ___were ___ you ___ able to stay ____ under water for such a long time? (stay)
8. ___Weren’t __ the employees ____able to take ____ any days off? (take — negative)
9. How many students ____were able to complete ___ the test? (complete)
10. Why ___wasn’t ___ she ____ able to park ___ her car in that parking space? (park — negative)
Part C.
Conjugate the verb “fly” using “(be) able to” in the past tense.
singular
I was able to fly, You were able to fly, He was able to fly, She was able to fly, It was able to fly

plural
We were able to fly, You were able to fly, They were able to fly

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Quiz 16 Change Present Perfect Tense To Past Tense

Part A.
Directions: Rewrite each verb that appears in the present perfect tense and change it to the past tense.
Example:
* She has eaten breakfast.
* She ate breakfast.

1. They have lived there for two years.
They ____________ there for two years.
2. My sister has had problems with her car.
My sister ___________ problems with her car.
3. I have been to New York many times.
I ___________ in New York last year.
4. It hasn’t rained since last week.
It ___________ __________ yesterday. (negative)
5. We haven’t seen the movie yet.
We __________ __________ the movie yet. (negative)
6. The compay has laid off a lot of employees.
The company ______________ a lot of employees.
7. Bob hasn’t gotten up yet.
Bob ___________ ______________ until 11:00. (negative)
8. Those children haven’t learned how to read yet.
Those children never ____________ how to read. (negative)
9. The mail hasn’t come yet.
The mail never ____________. (negative)
10. Maria has done her laundry.
Maria __________ her laundry.

Part B.
Directions: Each question is in the present perfect tense negaitve. Rewrite each question in the past tense.
Example:
* Has she eaten breakfast?
* Did she eat breakfast?

1. Has the newspaper come yet?
_____________________________________________________?
2. Have you called your mother?
_____________________________________________________?
3. Have they heard anything about the accident?
_____________________________________________________?
4. Where have you been?
_____________________________________________________?
5. What have you done?
_____________________________________________________?
6. Has he had anything to eat?
______________________________________________________?
7. How long have you lived in Minnesota?
______________________________________________________?
8. Hasn’t this been fun?
______________________________________________________?
9. Has this ever happened to you?
______________________________________________________?
10. Why haven’t they called me?
______________________________________________________?

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Quiz 16 Change Present Perfect Tense To Past Tense (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Rewrite each verb that appears in the present perfect tense and change it to the past tense.
Example:
* She has eaten breakfast.
* She ate breakfast.

1. They have lived there for two years.
They lived there for two years.
2. My sister has had problems with her car.
My sister had problems with her car.
3. I have been to New York many times.
I was in New York last year.
4. It hasn’t rained since last week.
It didn’t rain yesterday. (negative)
5. We haven’t seen the movie yet.
We didn’t see the movie yet. (negative)
6. The compay has laid off a lot of employees.
The company laid off a lot of employees.
7. Bob hasn’t gotten up yet.
Bob didn’t get up until 11:00. (negative)
8. Those children haven’t learned how to read yet.
Those children never learned how to read. (negative)
9. The mail hasn’t come yet.
The mail never came. (negative)
10. Maria has done her laundry.
Maria did her laundry.

Part B.
Directions: Each question is in the present perfect tense negaitve. Rewrite each question in the past tense.
Example:
* Has she eaten breakfast?
* Did she eat breakfast?

1. Has the newspaper come yet?
Did the newspaper come yet?
2. Have you called your mother?
Did you call your mother?
3. Have they heard anything about the accident?
Did they hear anything about the accident?
4. Where have you been?
Where were you?
5. What have you done?
What did you do?
6. Has he had anything to eat?
Did he have anything to eat?
7. How long have you lived in Minnesota?
How long did you live in Minnesota?
8. Hasn’t this been fun?
Wasn’t this fun?
9. Has this ever happened to you?
Did this ever happen to you?
10. Why haven’t they called me?
Why didn’t they call me?

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Quiz 17 Past Continuous Tense Vs Past Tense

Part A.
Directions: Complete each question and answer in the past continuous tense or the past tense. Use the verbs in parentheses to fill in the blanks. (10 points)
1a. What __________ you ___________ when the phone ___________? (do / ring)
1b. I ___________ ______________. (sleep)
2a. What __________ she ___________ before she ___________ the phone. (do / answer)
2b. She ___________ ___________ the dishes. (do)
3a. Where ___________ John ___________ before he ___________ to Houston? (live / move)
3b. He __________ ___________ in Miami. (live)
4a. What kind of a car ___________ the thieves ____________ after they ___________ the house? (drive / leave)
4b. They __________ ____________ a 2008 Chevy Malibu. (drive)
5a. What ___________ everyone ___________ about after the election _________ over. (talk / be)
5b. They ___________ ___________ about what the President will probably do in the next few months. (talk)

Part B.
Directions: Use either the past continuous tense or the past tense in each question or sentence. Some verbs are negative. (10 points)
1. Why __________ you ___________ me last night? (call — negative)
2. She ___________ _____________ when the teacher called on her for an answer to a question. (listen — negative)
3. What kind of food were you eating when you ____________ in India? (live)
4. How many people ____________ they _____________ yesterday? (call)
5. Why __________ the young man ____________ more cooperative with the police? (be — negative)
6. I ___________ ____________ it was raining. (know — negative)
7. You mother ___________ ____________ to get a hold of you on your cell phone. (try)
8. How long ___________ the house _____________ on the market before it sold? (stay)
9. We ___________ ____________ so much fun at the party that we didn’t want to leave. (have)
10. Nobody ____________ the old man get up off the ground after he fell. (help)

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Quiz 17 Past Continuous Tense Vs Past Tense (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Complete each question and answer in
the past continuous tense or the past tense. Use the verbs in parentheses to fill in the blanks. (10 points)
1a. What were you doing when the phone rang? (do / ring)
1b. I was sleeping. (sleep)
2a. What was she doing before she answered the phone. (do / answer)
2b. She was doing the dishes. (do)
3a. Where was John living before he moved to Houston? (live / move)
3b. He was living in Miami. (live)
4a. What kind of a car were the thieves driving after they left the house? (drive / leave)
4b. They were driving a 2008 Chevy Malibu. (drive)
5a. What was everyone talking about after the election was over. (talk / be)
5b. They were talking about what the President will probably do in the next few months. (talk)

Part B.
Directions: Use either the past continuous tense or the past tense in each question or sentence. Some verbs are negative. (10 points)
1. Why didn’t you call me last night? (call — negative)
2. She wasn’t listening when the teacher called on her for an answer to a question. (listen — negative)
3. What kind of food were you eating when you lived in India? (live)
4. How many people did they call yesterday? (call)
5. Why wasn’t the young man being more cooperative with the police? (be — negative)
6. I didn’t know it was raining. (know — negative)
7. You mother was trying to get a hold of you on your cell phone. (try)
8. How long did the house stay on the market before it sold? (stay)
9. We were having so much fun at the party that we didn’t want to leave. (have)
10. Nobody helped the old man get up off the ground after he fell. (help)

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Quiz 18 Indirect Speech

Part A.
Directions: Change the verbs in each sentence as they would normally change when using indirect speech.
Example: “I have a lot of work to do today,” he said. => He said that he had a lot of work to do today.
1. “The car needs to be fixed,” she said. => She said that the car ___________ to be fixed.
2. “It’s going to snow tonight,” the weatherman said. => The weatherman said that it ______ ________ ______ _______tonight.
3. “I’ll meet you later,” Tom said. => Tom said that he __________ __________ me later.
4. “Helen went shopping,” said her husband. => Helen’s husband said that she __________ ___________ shopping.
5. “I can’t make it to class tomorrow,” said Maria. => Maria said that she ___________ __________ it to class today.
6. “The teacher has your book,” my friend told me. => My friend told me that my teacher ___________ my book.
7. “The computers don’t work,” said the librarian. => The librarian said that the computers __________ __________.
8. My kids haven’t eaten yet,” said the mother. => The mother said that her kids ___________ __________ yet.
9. The keys are on the table,” he said. => He said that the keys ___________ on the table.
10. “I’ll call you later,” she told me. => She said that she __________ ___________ me later.

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence or question in indirect speech.
1. “What time is it,” she asked. => She asked _________________________________________________________________.
2. “I have some time to meet with you,” he said. => He said that ________________________________________________me.
3. “Does the store close early,” I asked. => I asked _____________________________________________________________.
4. “Who’s absent today?” the teacher asked. => The teacher wanted to know _________________________________________.
5. “Power is restored to the city,” said the reporter. => The reporter said that _________________________________________.
6. “You need to lose 20 pounds,” the doctor told me. => The doctor told me ________________________________________.
7. “I have to work late tonight,” said Mike. => Mike said ________________________________________________________.
8. “How long is the movie?” asked someone. => Someone asked __________________________________________________.
9. “I have a lawn mower you can borrow,” Bob told me. => Bob said ______________________________________________.
10. “Is the game cancelled? we asked him. => We asked ______________________________________ and _____ said it wasn’t.

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Quiz 18 Indirect Speech (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Change the verbs in each sentence as they would normally change when using indirect speech.
Example: “I have a lot of work to do today,” he said. => He said that he had a lot of work to do today.
1. “The car needs to be fixed,” she said. => She said that the car needed to be fixed.
2. “It’s going to snow tonight,” the weatherman said. => The weatherman said that it was going to snow tonight.
3. “I’ll meet you later,” Tom said. => Tom said that he would meet me later.
4. “Helen went shopping,” said her husband. => Helen’s husband said that she had gone shopping.
5. “I can’t make it to class tomorrow,” said Maria. => Maria said that she couldn’t make it to class today.
6. “The teacher has your book,” my friend told me. => My friend told me that my teacher had my book.
7. “The computers don’t work,” said the librarian. => The librarian said that the computers didn’t work.
8. My kids haven’t eaten yet,” said the mother. => The mother said that her kids hadn’t eaten yet.
9. The keys are on the table,” he said. => He said that the keys were on the table.
10. “I’ll call you later,” she told me. => She said that she would call me later.

Part B.
Directions: Complete each sentence or question in indirect speech. (The use of “that” is optional in sentences.)
1. “What time is it,” she asked. => She asked what time it was.
2. “I have some time to meet with you,” he said. => He said that he had some time to meet with me.
3. “Does the store close early,” I asked. => I asked if the store closed early.
4. “Who’s absent today?” the teacher asked. => The teacher wanted to know who was absent today.
5. “Power is restored to the city,” said the reporter. => The reporter said that power was restored to the city.
6. “You need to lose 20 pounds,” the doctor told me. => The doctor told me that I needed to lose 20 pounds.
7. “I have to work late tonight,” said Mike. => Mike said that he had to work late tonight.
8. “How long is the movie?” asked someone. => Someone asked how long the movie was.
9. “I have a lawn mower you can borrow,” Bob told me. => Bob said he had a lawn mower I could borrow.
10. “Is the game cancelled? we asked him. => We asked if the game was cancelled and he said it wasn’t.

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Quiz 19 Eight Parts Of Speech

Part A.
Directions: Indicate to which of the eight parts of speech the underlined word belongs. Is the word a verb, noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, or article.
Example: The house is on fire. => ______noun_______
1. This building houses thirty-five residents. ____________
2. The students who attend this school have many needs that aren’t being considered. _____________
3.After the holidays are over, prices on Christmas items are really reduced. ____________
4. The class started late because of the weather. _____________
5. Housing in this city is becoming more and more expensive.
6. Everyone was upset with Todd because he was being a real jerk at the party. _____________
7. Is this my jacket or yours? _____________
8. My jacket has a broken zipper. _____________
9. This weather is fit for neither man nor beast. _____________
10. The owner’s manual included in the box explained how to assemble the table. _____________

Part B.
Directions: Label each underline word in the sentences and questions below as a verb, noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, or article.
Example: The speaker went on for over an hour. _____noun______ / _____article______
1. Who has my book? ______________ / _______________
2. They‘re not interested in going to the museum today. ______________ / _______________
3. She’ll gladly help you if you ask for help. ______________ / _______________
4. A loss of confidence among bank customers caused a run on the bank. ______________ / _______________
5. Those phones are way overpriced. ______________ / _______________
6. “Neither a lender nor a borrower be,” said Polonius to Laertes. ______________ / _______________
7. The place where I grew up is still standing. ______________ / _______________
8. We took an unpaved road to the cabin. ______________ / _______________
9. All of the children were unhappy because their teacher was laid off from her position. ______________ / _______________
10. This is the least of our worries at the moment. ______________ / _______________

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Quiz 19 Eight Parts Of Speech (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: Indicate to which of the eight parts of speech the underlined word belongs. Is the word a verb, noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, or article.
Example: The house is on fire. => ______noun_______
1. This building houses thirty-five residents. ____verb______
2. The students who attend this school have many needs that aren’t being considered. _____noun______
3.After the holidays are over, prices on Christmas items are really reduced. ____adverb______
4. The class started late because of the weather. ____preposition______
5. Housing in this city is becoming more and more expensive.
6. Everyone was upset with Todd because he was being a real jerk at the party. ____adjective_______
7. Is this my jacket or yours? ____pronoun_______
8. My jacket has a broken zipper. ____adjective_______
9. This weather is fit for neither man nor beast. ___conjunction_______
10. The owner’s manual included in the box explained how to assemble the table. ___adjective_______

Part B.
Directions: Label each underline word in the sentences and questions below as a verb, noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, or article.
Example: The speaker went on for over an hour. _____noun______ / _____article______
1. Who has my book? ___pronoun________ / _____noun_______
2. They’re not interested in going to the museum today. ____verb_______ / _____preposition______
3. She’ll gladly help you if you ask for help. ___adverb_______ / ____noun_______
4. A loss of confidence among bank customers caused a run on the bank. ____preposition_____ / _____noun______
5. Those phones are way overpriced. ___adverb_______ / ___adjective_______
6. “Neither a lender nor a borrower be,” said Polonius to Laertes. ___article_____ / ____noun_______
7. The place where I grew up is still standing. ___pronoun______ / _____adverb______
8. We took an unpaved road to the cabin. ____pronoun______ / ____adjective______
9. All of the children were unhappy because their teacher was laid off from her position. ___conjunction_____ / ___adjective____
10. This is the least of our worries at the moment. ____noun______ / ____preposition_____

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Quiz 20 Present Perfect Or Past Tense

Part A.
Directions: In each of these sentences, write the correct form of the verb. Choose between the present perfect tense or the past tense. Some of these sentences are negative.
Example: Maria _________________ California several times. (visit) => Maria has visited California several times.
1. Jared ____________________ his back while working in his yard. (hurt)
2. I _____________________ a haircut last week. (get)
3. They _____________________ in that house since 2012. (live)
4. Mario _____________________ a lawyer when he lived in Mexico. (be)
5. That statue ________________________ on the plaza for over 80 years, and it still looks good. (be)
6. The students ________________________ the math problem until the teacher explained it to them. (understand, negative)
7. I have to admit, I ____________ never ____________ sushi before. (eat, negative)
8. Vanessa can’t count the number of times she _______________________ that movie. (see)
9. Todd ____________________________ to work yesterday because he was sick. (go, negative)
10. I _____________________________ much sleep lately. (have, negative)

Part B.
Directions: Use the present perfect tense or the past tense for each question.
Example: How long __________ they _____________ there? (live, past tense) . => How long did they live there?
1. How long __________ you ____________ for that company? (work, present perfect tense)
2. At what time ___________ the plane _____________? (arrive, past tense)
3. How many times ____________ I _______________ you not to do that? (tell, present perfect tense)
4. ___________ she _____________ the job she interviewed for? (get, past tense)
5. Why ___________ it ______________ so long for them to finish their work? (take, past tense)
6. ____________ you ________________ the cat yet? (feed, present perfect tense)
7. Where ___________ Tom _______________ those boxes? (put, past tense)
8. What the heck ____________ _________________ to my car? (happen, present perfect tense)
9. What time ____________ he ______________? (leave, past tense)
10. ___________ it ______________ that long since we last saw each other? (be, present perfect tense)

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Quiz 20 Present Perfect Or Past Tense (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: In each of these sentences, write the correct form of the verb. Choose between the present perfect tense or the past tense. Some of these sentences are negative.
Example: Maria _________________ California several times. (visit) => Maria has visited California several times.
1. Jared _____hurt__________ his back while working in his yard. (hurt)
2. I _________got_________ a haircut last week. (get)
3. They ______have lived________ in that house since 2012. (live)
4. Mario ______was_________ a lawyer when he lived in Mexico. (be)
5. That statue ________has been________ on the plaza for over 80 years, and it still looks good. (be)
6. The students _____didn’t understand____ the math problem until the teacher explained it to them. (understand, negative)
7. I have to admit, I ___have___ never ___eaten_____ sushi before. (eat, negative)
8. Vanessa can’t count the number of times she ______has seen______ that movie. (see)
9. Todd _____didn’t go__________ to work yesterday because he was sick. (go, negative)
10. I ________haven’t had_________ much sleep lately. (have, negative)

Part B.
Directions: Use the present perfect tense or the past tense for each question.
Example: How long __________ they _____________ there? (live, past tense) . => How long did they live there?
1. How long ____have__ you ___worked___ for that company? (work, present perfect tense)
2. At what time ____did___ the plane ___arrive___? (arrive, past tense)
3. How many times ___have____ I _____told_____ you not to do that? (tell, present perfect tense)
4. ____Did__ she _____get_____ the job she interviewed for? (get, past tense)
5. Why ___did___ it _____take_____ so long for them to finish their work? (take, past tense)
6. ____Have___ you _____fed______ the cat yet? (feed, present perfect tense)
7. Where ____did____ Tom _____put_____ those boxes? (put, past tense)
8. What the heck ___has____ _______happened___ to my car? (happen, present perfect tense)
9. What time ____did___ he ____leave____? (leave, past tense)
10. __Has___ it _____been____ that long since we last saw each other? (be, present perfect tense)

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Quiz 21 Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Part A.
Directions: In each of these sentences and questions, put the verb in the form of the past perfect continuous tense.
1. Before he was a cook, Tom _________ ____________ ____________ at a golf course as an assistant. (work)
2. Samantha __________ __________ ____________ on a big refund during tax season, but she didn’t get it. (count)
3. People in Minnesota __________ ___________ _____________ forward to the Vikings playing in the Superbowl, but they lost the final game in the playoffs. (look)
4. Maria divorced her husband, Phil, because he ___________ ___________ _____________ enough time with her. (spend– negative)
5. We __________ ___________ _____________ to move to California, but then we reconsidered our decision due to all of the natural disasters that haven taken place there over the last decade. (plan)

Part B.
Directions: Choose between the present perfect continuous tense or the past perfect continuous tense.
1. Oscar ___________ __________ ____________ at the same restaurant for the last ten years. (work)
2. Daniel was fired last year because he ___________ ___________ ____________ from the company he worked for. (steal)
3. A construction company __________ ___________ ____________ land for a new office building. (clear)
4. Sara ___________ __________ ___________ sick until she visited the doctor. (feel)
5. David ___________ ___________ ____________ through cancer treatment before he died. (go)
6. Where __________ you ___________ ____________ in the last few years? (work)
7. The students at our school __________ __________ ____________ hard in preparation for exams. (study)
8. If he __________ __________ ___________ attention while driving, he would have hit the deer as it crossed the road. (pay — negative)
9. Olympic athletes __________ __________ _____________ for the upcoming games in South Korea. (train)
10. Bill was all sweaty when he arrived at the office because he __________ ____________ ____________ his bike. (ride)

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Quiz 21 Past Perfect Continuous Tense (Answers)

Part A.
Directions: In each of these sentences and questions, put the verb in the form of the past perfect continuous tense.
1. Before he was a cook, Tom had been working at a golf course as an assistant. (work)
2. Samantha had been counting on a big refund during tax season, but she didn’t get it. (count)
3. People in Minnesota had been looking forward to the Vikings playing in the Superbowl, but they lost the final game in the playoffs. (look)
4. Maria divorced her husband, Phil, because he hadn’t been spending enough time with her. (spend– negative)
5. We had been planning to move to California, but then we reconsidered our decision due to all of the natural disasters that haven taken place there over the last decade. (plan)

Part B.
Directions: Choose between the present perfect continuous tense or the past perfect continuous tense.
1. Oscar has been working at the same restaurant for the last ten years. (work)
2. Daniel was fired last year because he had been stealing from the company he worked for. (steal)
3. A construction company has been clearing land for a new office building. (clear)
4. Sara had been feeling sick until she visited the doctor. (feel)
5. David had been going through cancer treatment before he died. (go)
6. Where have you been working in the last few years? (work)
7. The students at our school have been studying hard in preparation for exams. (study)
8. If he hadn’t been paying attention while driving, he would have hit the deer as it crossed the road. (pay — negative)
9. Olympic athletes have been training for the upcoming games in South Korea. (train)
10. Bill was all sweaty when he arrived at the office because he had been riding his bike. (ride)