English Grammar Past Perfect
Learn English Past Perfect Grammar

Grammar Level 3- Lesson Fifteen

In this grammar lesson, you learn about Past Perfect in English and how to use it in your English conversation and writing. Just follow examples and write them down a few times to learn them very well. After finishing this lesson, you should work on its quiz.

Grammar Recap

In our previous lesson, we covered the Perfect Modal Continuous If you just landed on this page, we suggest that you complete our previous lesson including its quizzes before continuing on this lesson.

Requirement Lessons

There is no required lessons for working and learning this lesson.


The Past Perfect Tense


The past perfect tense is usually used with two past actions. The verb in the past perfect shows the first past action.

She had visited several doctors before she found out what the problem was.

First action (verb): had visited

Second action (verb): found out

The word order can be changed but it doesn’t change the meaning:

Before she found out what the problem was, she had visited several doctors.

past participle

* find out / found out = learn; discover

I had visited
You had visited
He had visited
She had visited
It had visited

We had visited
You had visited
They had visited


He had already started to make breakfast before his wife woke up.

(already is frequently used with perfect tenses. It usually appears between the auxiliary verb and the main verb: had already started)

By the time we arrived at the airport, the plane had already left.

They had worked and saved a lot of money before they retired last year.



Quiz for Past Perfect

Now that you learned your new lesson, it is time to go to the Past Perfect page and finish your quiz. While working on your quiz, you can always go back to its lesson to refresh your memory.

Private Lessons in English

If you need help with quizzes of this lesson, you can hire one of our expert private English teachers by going to our Private English Tutors page and submit a request. When submitting your request, make sure to mention the grammar level and lesson number.

Next Grammar Lesson

In our next lesson, we will cover the Direct & Indirect Quotations Before moving to the next lesson, we suggest that you complete this lesson including its quizzes.

Related Grammar Lessons


Grammar Level 3 Outline

If you wish to explore all lessons that are covered in HiCafe Grammar Level 3, you can visit the Grammar Level 3 Outline page.


Practice English Grammar Skills

For a comprehensive practice of English grammar with quizzes, you can visit the Improve English Grammar Skills page to view HiCafe 250 grammar lessons in 7 levels plus prepositions and pronouns.