English Grammar Present Conditional
Learn English Present Conditional Grammar

Grammar Level 6- Lesson Thirteen

In this grammar lesson, you learn about Present Conditional in English and how to use it in your English conversation and writing. Just follow examples and write them down a few times to learn them very well. After finishing this lesson, you should work on its quiz.

Grammar Recap

In our previous lesson, we covered the Future Conditional If you just landed on this page, we suggest that you complete our previous lesson including its quizzes before continuing on this lesson.

Requirement Lessons

There is no required lessons for working and learning this lesson.


The Present Conditional


The present conditional describes a situation now that isn’t true or isn’t happening. Teachers also call this the present unreal or present contrary-to-fact.


If I had a million dollars, I would give it away to all my friends.

“If I had a million dollars” is in the past tense, but it describes a possible situation (or impossible situation) in the present.

“I would give it away to all my friends” tells the outcome of the condition. You can use “would,” “could,” “might,” or “should” in these kinds of sentences.

This next sentence uses the verb “be” in the present conditional:

I wouldn’t do that if I were you.

Well, I’m not you, so this describes a situation that is not true. Notice that “were” is used with “i.” Isn’t that strange? But it’s correct.

Note: Some teachers refer to this as “the second conditional.”


Here are some more examples:

If she had more time today, she could meet her friends for lunch.

(The situation is present, but notice the use of “had,” the past tense of “have.” This means that she doesn’t have time.


If I knew how to sing, I could probably make a little money playing guitar on the weekends.

(But I’m not very good at singing while playing guitar. Perhaps I’ll get better with practice. — The past tense of know is knew)


If this penguin could talk, he would probably tell us human beings to stop changing the climate.

(A penguin can’t talk but if it could…… The past tense of can talk is could talk)


Quiz for Present Conditional

Now that you learned your new lesson, it is time to go to the Present Conditional page and finish your quiz. While working on your quiz, you can always go back to its lesson to refresh your memory.

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Next Grammar Lesson

In our next lesson, we will cover the Past Conditional Before moving to the next lesson, we suggest that you complete this lesson including its quizzes.

Related Grammar Lessons


Grammar Level 6 Outline

If you wish to explore all lessons that are covered in HiCafe Grammar Level 6, you can visit the Grammar Level 6 Outline page.


Practice English Grammar Skills

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