English Grammar Sentence Patterns
Learn English Sentence Patterns Grammar

Grammar Level 6- Lesson Twenty Six

In this grammar lesson, you learn about Sentence Patterns in English and how to use it in your English conversation and writing. Just follow examples and write them down a few times to learn them very well. After finishing this lesson, you should work on its quiz.

Grammar Recap

In our previous lesson, we covered the Punctuation If you just landed on this page, we suggest that you complete our previous lesson including its quizzes before continuing on this lesson.

Requirement Lessons

There is no required lessons for working and learning this lesson.


Sentence Patterns

Sentence patterns are the phrases and clauses that make up the structure of a sentence. The way you use these patterns adds variety to your communication.


Phrases are groups of words connected that do not make a complete sentence because they lack a subject and/or verb. Clauses are a group of words that contain a verb and other sentence components. Depending on the type of clause, it may make a complete sentence and it may not.


Knowing your sentence patterns makes sure that all of the words you put in your sentences are in the right order. Here’s another little tip: if you know your sentence patterns, you will be able to figure out the kinds of words you’re using as well. More on that later.


Take your time going through this lesson, even if you feel like you already know most of it. For extra practice, label sentences in a book you’re reading, or on a piece of your English homework. The more you practice this lesson, the more naturally you will find yourself thinking in English!

There are four basic patterns that are used when putting together a sentence:

Subject + Verb (S + V)
Subject + Verb + Direct Object (S + V + DO)
Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object (S + V + IO + DO)
Subject + Verb + Subject Complement (S + V + SC)

A subject is usually a noun or a pronoun, but it may also be a gerund, an infinitive, a clause, or a phrase.


The verbs in these patterns are action verbs or linking verbs.


It’s important to consider that subjects or verbs are sometimes compound. That means there is more than one word serving as a subject or a verb in a sentence or question.


S + V

They live in Arizona.

subject: they

verb: live


S + V + DO

My brother bought a house.

subject: brother

verb: bought

direct object: house


S + V + IO + DO

She gave her friend some advice.

subject: she

verb: gave

direct object: advice

indirect object: friend

two young women talking


S + V + SC

The shoes are black.

subject: shoes

verb: are

subject complement: black

It’s useful to identify prepositional phrases before you decide which word is the subject, the verb, the direct object, etc. Many teachers tell students to draw parentheses around the prepositional phrases–if they exist–before determining the pattern of the sentence.


For example:

Tom works (at a shoe store) (in the mall).
(In the middle) (of the room) there is a table.
Most (of the students) like the class.


In the first sentence, the subject is “Tom” and the verb is “works.”

In the second sentence, the subject is “there,” the verb is “is” and the subject complement is “table.”

In the third sentence, the subject is “most,” the verb is “like” and the word “class” is the direct object.


It’s easier to identify these parts of the sentence if you find the prepositional phrases first.


The sentences that you learn about on this page are basic sentence patterns. There are many, many different ways to form a sentence; however, you should learn these four basic patterns first.


Quiz for Sentence Patterns

Now that you learned your new lesson, it is time to go to the Sentence Patterns page and finish your quiz. While working on your quiz, you can always go back to its lesson to refresh your memory.

Private Lessons in English

If you need help with quizzes of this lesson, you can hire one of our expert private English teachers by going to our Private English Tutors page and submit a request. When submitting your request, make sure to mention the grammar level and lesson number.

Next Grammar Lesson

In our next lesson, we will cover the Prepositional Phrases Before moving to the next lesson, we suggest that you complete this lesson including its quizzes.

Related Grammar Lessons


Grammar Level 6 Outline

If you wish to explore all lessons that are covered in HiCafe Grammar Level 6, you can visit the Grammar Level 6 Outline page.


Practice English Grammar Skills

For a comprehensive practice of English grammar with quizzes, you can visit the Improve English Grammar Skills page to view HiCafe 250 grammar lessons in 7 levels plus prepositions and pronouns.