English Grammar Past Modal Passive
Learn English Past Modal Passive Grammar

Grammar Level 4- Lesson Eight

In this grammar lesson, you learn about Past Modal Passive in English and how to use it in your English conversation and writing. Just follow examples and write them down a few times to learn them very well. After finishing this lesson, you should work on its quiz.

Grammar Recap

In our previous lesson, we covered the Modal Passive If you just landed on this page, we suggest that you complete our previous lesson including its quizzes before continuing on this lesson.

Requirement Lessons

There is no required lessons for working and learning this lesson.


Past Modal Verbs in the Passive Voice


(past modal verb) + have + been + past participle

Many modal verbs have a past tense form. Here are some of them.


  • can
  • will
  • may
  • shall / should
  • is going to
  • (be) able to
  • have to

Past Tense Form

  • could
  • would
  • might
  • should
  • was/were going to
  • was/were able to
  • had to


Pancakes can be made on a stove.

They could have been made in the oven, but they wouldn’t have turned out so good. (past possibility)


1. Bikes may be ridden on this bike path.

2. Earlier, these bikes might have been taken through the streets of Arizona.
a- permission is given
b- possibility


Flowers will be grown in my garden again this summer.

Corn would have been grown last summer, but corn stalks take up too much space.

Her work has to be done by tomorrow or she’ll get in trouble with her boss.

Originally, It had to have been done by yesterday, but her boss gave her extra time to finish it.

Something should be done about global warming or else some types of penguins will perish from the earth.

Something should have been done many years ago but wasn’t.

A lot of cows can be raised on a productive farm.

Corn could have been raised instead, but this farmer decided to grow grass. He’s a smart farmer!


Quiz for Past Modal Passive

Now that you learned your new lesson, it is time to go to the Past Modal Passive page and finish your quiz. While working on your quiz, you can always go back to its lesson to refresh your memory.

Private Lessons in English

If you need help with quizzes of this lesson, you can hire one of our expert private English teachers by going to our Private English Tutors page and submit a request. When submitting your request, make sure to mention the grammar level and lesson number.

Next Grammar Lesson

In our next lesson, we will cover the Present Cont Passive Before moving to the next lesson, we suggest that you complete this lesson including its quizzes.

Related Grammar Lessons


Grammar Level 4 Outline

If you wish to explore all lessons that are covered in HiCafe Grammar Level 4, you can visit the Grammar Level 4 Outline page.


Practice English Grammar Skills

For a comprehensive practice of English grammar with quizzes, you can visit the Improve English Grammar Skills page to view HiCafe 250 grammar lessons in 7 levels plus prepositions and pronouns.