Conversation Tips for Talking About Illness in English


Feeling under the weather or experiencing general aches and pains is a common part of life. Knowing how to talk about minor illnesses and offer sympathetic responses can make these situations more manageable. Here are some expressions to describe not feeling your best and ways to respond empathetically.


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Talking About Illness in English


Feeling a bit under the weather, but not necessarily sick? Here are some typical ways to talk about general discomfort, along with some sympathetic responses that can come in handy.


General aches and pains


  • I feel a bit under the weather.


  • I’m not feeling very well. / I don’t feel very well.


  • I’m not feeling a hundred percent.


  • I think I’m going down with a cold.


  • I’ve got a sore throat.


(Other cold symptoms are a runny nose, or feeling a bit “achy”.)


  • I’ve got a slight headache.


Other parts of your body which you can combine with “ache”: toothache, stomach ache and backache. For all other parts of your body, say “I’ve got a pain in…”


  • I’m not sleeping very well at the moment.


  • I feel a little faint.


  • I feel a bit dizzy.”(when your head is spinning)


  • I’ve got a nagging pain in my shoulder. (nagging = a pain that won’t go away)


  • I’ve got a splitting headache – I hope it’s not a migraine.



You can use the verb “feel” in both the present simple and the present continuous to talk about your current health. The present continuous suggests a more temporary feeling, but there’s not much difference between the two forms in meaning.


  • I don’t feel very well = I’m not feeling very well.


Sympathetic responses


  • I’m sorry to hear that.


  • Actually, you don’t look very well.


  • You look a little pale.


  • Maybe you’re going down with something. There’s a bug going around.


  • Maybe you should go home and get some rest.


  • Why don’t you go home and have a lie-down.


  • Is there anything I can do?


  • Shall I get you an aspirin?


Mild illness


  • I have a bit of a stomach bug.


  • I think I’ve got a bit of a temperature.


  • I have a touch of (the) flu. (Flu = influenza)


  • I’ve got a nasty cough.



With most mild illnesses, we use “a” as an article: a cold, a cough, a stomach bug.

However, we say “flu” or “the flu”: He’s got the flu / He’s got the flu.


With serious illnesses, we generally don’t use an article at all.

She’s got cancer, He picked up Hepatitis, Thousands of people used to die from cholera / typhoid.



By using these phrases, you can navigate conversations about health with ease and empathy. Remember, a little bit of understanding can go a long way in making someone feel better!


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